How to Fill Out IRS Form 2210

How to Fill Out IRS Form 2210

Written by 
Pilot Team
March 22, 2024
How to Fill Out IRS Form 2210

How to Fill Out IRS Form 2210

If you're a taxpayer who needs to calculate the penalty for underpayment of estimated tax, IRS Form 2210 is the document you'll need to complete.

In this article, we’ll provide you with a step-by-step guide to help you accurately fill out Form 2210.

Step-by-Step Guide on Filling Out Form 2210

To fill out IRS Form 2210, follow these steps:

  1. Determine If You Need to File: Not everyone needs to file Form 2210. The IRS usually calculates the underpayment penalty for you. However, you should file Form 2210 if you request a waiver of the penalty, use the annualized income installment method, or meet other specific conditions.
  2. Download Form 2210: Obtain Form 2210 from the official IRS website or through your tax software provider.
  3. Complete Part I – Required Annual Payment: This part helps you figure out the minimum required annual payment to avoid penalties. It involves calculating your tax liability and considering any withholdings and estimated tax payments you’ve already made.
  4. Check Reasons for Filing in Part II: Indicate why you're filing Form 2210, such as requesting a waiver for the penalty or using specific methods (like the annualized income installment method) to calculate your estimated tax payments.
  5. Calculate the Penalty in Part III: To calculate your penalties, follow the instructions detailed in the form. This section helps you determine the penalty based on the actual amounts paid and the timing of these payments.
  6. Complete Schedule AI: This schedule is especially useful if your income varies during the year, as it might reduce or eliminate the underpayment penalty.
  7. Review and Submit: After calculating your penalty and completing the necessary sections, review the form for accuracy, then attach and submit it with your tax return if you have a penalty due.

Understanding Underpayment Penalties

The underpayment penalty is incurred when you don’t pay enough of your estimated tax and withholdings throughout the year. To avoid penalties, you generally need to pay at least 90% of the tax for the current year or 100% (110% for high-income taxpayers) of the tax shown on your previous year's return.

Exceptions and Waivers

The IRS may waive underpayment penalties if your underpayment is due to the following:

  1. No tax liability last year: You are not subject to the penalty if you had no tax liability in the previous year and were a U.S. citizen or resident for the whole year.
  2. For estates and trusts: No penalty applies if the decedent's death was within two years before the close of the tax year.
  3. Farmers and fishermen: Those who receive at least two-thirds of their income from farming or fishing are exempt from the penalty if they file by a certain due date or pay all the due tax by that date.

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