Instructions for Filling Out Form 1116

Instructions for Filling Out Form 1116

Written by 
Pilot Team
February 8, 2023
Instructions for Filling Out Form 1116

This document provides comprehensive instructions for completing IRS Form 1116, which allows individuals, estates, or trusts to claim a foreign tax credit on income subject to both U.S. and foreign taxation, helping to avoid double taxation.

In this article, we'll provide information on Form 1116 and a step-by-step guide on how to fill it out.

What is Form 1116?

Form 1116 is a tax document used by individuals, estates, or trusts to claim the Foreign Tax Credit (FTC) on income that is subject to both U.S. and foreign taxation. The primary purpose of this form is to help taxpayers avoid double taxation on the same income. It requires detailed information about foreign income and taxes paid on that income to calculate the credit that can be claimed against U.S. tax liability. Taxpayers can choose to claim the FTC without filing Form 1116 if certain conditions are met. The form is divided into parts that require information about foreign source income, foreign taxes paid or accrued, and calculations to figure the credit, with specific instructions provided for different categories of income and adjustments for certain situations.

Who Must File Form 1116?

Form 1116 should be filed by individuals, estates, or trusts who paid or accrued certain foreign taxes to a foreign country or U.S. possession and are seeking to claim the foreign tax credit. This includes taxpayers who have foreign source income and have paid taxes on that income to foreign tax authorities. The form is not used for taxes paid to the U.S. Virgin Islands; instead, Form 8689 is used. Nonresident aliens generally cannot take the credit, except in specific circumstances such as being a resident of Puerto Rico for the entire tax year or paying tax to a foreign country or U.S. possession on income from foreign sources that is effectively connected with a trade or business in the United States.

Form 1116 Tax Filing Deadlines and Due Dates

  • Form 1116 is generally filed with the taxpayer's annual income tax return, so its due date aligns with the due date of the taxpayer's return.
  • For individual taxpayers, the due date is usually April 15th of the year following the tax year in question.
  • If an extension to file is requested and granted, the due date for individual taxpayers is typically October 15th.
  • Taxpayers should refer to the IRS's official guidelines or consult with a tax professional for specific due dates related to their situation.

Form 1116 Late Payment Penalty

Although there is no specific late payment penalty for Form 1116, it's important to note that penalties may apply if the overall tax return, including Form 1116, is filed late or if taxes are not paid on time. To avoid potential penalties, taxpayers should ensure they file their tax return and any required forms, such as Form 1116, by the applicable due date and pay any taxes owed in a timely manner.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Form 1116

Here are the step-by-step instructions for filling out Form 1116:

  1. Determine Eligibility: Confirm if you need to file Form 1116 based on your foreign tax situation and whether you can claim the foreign tax credit without filing Form 1116.
  2. Gather Information: Collect all necessary documentation, including amounts of foreign income earned, foreign taxes paid or accrued, and any relevant foreign tax statements.
  3. Choose the Correct Category of Income: Determine the category of your foreign income (e.g., passive, general, etc.) as this affects how you fill out the form.
  4. Complete Part I - Taxable Income or Loss From Sources Outside the United States: Report your foreign source income, adjusting for any exclusions or deductions. This part requires you to allocate and apportion deductions between U.S. and foreign source income.
  5. Complete Part II - Foreign Taxes Paid or Accrued: Enter the foreign taxes paid or accrued related to the foreign income reported in Part I. You may need to convert foreign currency amounts into U.S. dollars.
  6. Complete Part III - Figuring the Credit: Calculate the foreign tax credit limit based on your taxable income and the foreign taxes paid or accrued. This part involves several calculations to determine the allowable credit.
  7. Complete Part IV - Summary of Credits From Separate Parts III: If you have multiple categories of income, summarize the total foreign tax credit from all Forms 1116.
  8. Review and Attach Required Documentation: Ensure all information is accurate and attach any required documentation, such as foreign tax statements.
  9. File Form 1116 with Your Tax Return: Include Form 1116 with your federal income tax return by the filing deadline.

Remember to check for any updates or changes to the form instructions for the tax year you are filing.

How to Submit Form 1116

To submit Form 1116, first determine your eligibility based on your foreign tax situation. Next, gather all necessary information about foreign income and taxes paid or accrued. Follow the specific instructions to complete each part of the form, attach any required documentation, and file Form 1116 with your annual tax return by the filing deadline. If filing more than one Form 1116 due to different categories of income, summarize the credits on one form and attach the others.

Need Help with other Finance or Startup Questions?

Choose Pilot for expert bookkeeping, CFO, and tax services, catering to thousands of startups and expanding businesses. We pride ourselves on processing over 10 million transactions and providing exceptional knowledge in enhancing business growth. As the leading accounting firm focused on startups in the U.S., our goal is to help you thrive. Reach out to our sales team or check out our demo for additional information!

Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
Founder Salary Report 2024 thumbnail cover
How much should you be paying yourself as a founder?
See the report

Suggested Reading

Top 5 Bookkeeping Audit Software

Instructions for Filling Out Form 8801

Pilot vs Fondo

See what Pilot can do for you

Get the peace of mind that comes from partnering with our experienced finance team.

Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.